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Sunday, December 16, 2012

Doomsday debunked - Toledo Blade

Looking up a temple pyramid at the Mayan ruins at Chacchoben, Mexico.Looking up a temple pyramid at the Mayan ruins at Chacchoben, Mexico. THE BLADE/ANDY MORRISONLooking up a temple pyramid at the Mayan ruins at Chacchoben, Mexico. THE BLADE/ANDY MORRISONEnlarge | Buy This Photo
TULUM, Mexico — Standing at the base of a centuries-old pyramid expertly constructed of limestone, it’s easy to see why more than a million visitors each year seek out a quiet walk among Mexico’s many Mayan ruins.
Whether in the jungle, like the ruins at Chacchoben, or along the cliffs of the Caribbean Sea coast like Tulum, these complex and long-lasting structures command respect.
So, on a recent visit to the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, I was sure to spend time among the last of the cities inhabited and built by Mayans. And of course, while taking in the beauty and serenity of my surroundings, I couldn’t help but think that it’ll be a shame when these magnificent structures — as well as the rest of the world, for that matter — come to an end this year.
According to popular culture, when the Mayan calendar concludes on Dec. 21, 2012, so does the world. It’s a doomsday theory that has gained such momentum that a poll commissioned by Reuters conducted earlier this year showed that 15 percent of the worldwide population believes that the world will end during their lifetime and one in 10 people think that it could be this week.
But according to experts in Latin American culture who have studied the Mayan population and their calendar, this belief is just plain wrong.
“The Maya never predicted the end of the world,” said Joyce Marcus, an archeologist and professor of anthropology at the University of Michigan. “Dec. 21, 2012, merely marks the end of the 13th cycle, which the Maya called Baktun 13, and the beginning of the next cycle, which the Maya called Baktun 1.”
A Baktun is about 400 years, she added.
An antique Mayan Mask on display at the Maya Palms Resort in Mahahual, Mexico. An antique Mayan Mask on display at the Maya Palms Resort in Mahahual, Mexico. THE BLADE/ANDY MORRISONEnlarge | Buy This Photo
Experts say that the doomsday theory started with the discovery of a stone tablet in the 1960s that describes the return of a Mayan god at the end of a 13th period.
Elizabeth Bell, a senior lecturer in Ohio State University’s department of Spanish and Portuguese, said the December date was chosen because it was 13 Baktuns after the Mayan calendar’s beginning of creation on Aug. 11, 3114 B.C.
“The reason we got that [creation] date is not necessarily from the Mayans but from archeologists, from their interpretations of engravings and carvings,” Ms. Bell said. 
“You have two factions now talking about this. You have the Maya populations who are saying that this is not an ending but a new beginning and you have the people who are saying it’s a doomsday,” she said. “But these people are not Maya. They’re Hollywood.”
Ms. Marcus noted that contemporary interpretation of the end of the cycle can be compared to Y2K, or the year 2000, that we focused on 13 years ago. Just as chaos was predicted at the change of the millennium, so are fears of the unknown taking hold again.
As I peered up the length of steps leading to the temples at the top of the pyramids, the mystique of the Maya settled over me. Noted for their architecture, mathematics, and hieroglyphic writing system, the Maya are not simply an ancient civilization but also a modern-day segment of society still inhabiting southeast Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize.
And on Dec. 22, they plan to still be around.
Contact Erica Blake at: eblake@theblade.com or 419-213-2134.

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Prof. Muse Tegegne has lectured sociology Change &  Liberation  in Europe, Africa and Americas. He has obtained  Doctorat es Science from the University of Geneva.   A PhD in Developmental Studies & ND in Natural Therapies.  He wrote on the  problematic of  the Horn of  Africa extensively. He Speaks Amharic, Tigergna, Hebrew, English, French. He has a good comprehension of Arabic, Spanish and Italian.